Today’s post features separate and- as far as I know, at least- unrelated American Indian subjects. All pictures are from the Library of Congress. There is scant information about these images, but what is available is included here.


The first is Moon Beam. This young woman was a Potawatomi Indian who was photographed in June 1909 by C.F. Squires, of Lawrence, Kansas.



The next photograph is called Voices of the Woods, and features a young girl identified as Indian-Hawaiian. She was photographed in 1909, by Caroline Haskins Gurrey. She was certainly very lovely.


The next photograph was called A Dusky Madonna. This young woman was photographed by Martin P. Spencer in May of 1902, in Wenatchee, Washington. We know little about the subject, except that she is from the Northwest, probably the Plateau region. She may possibly have been Spokane.


This picture is called Columbia, and it is the only one that gives us the subject’s name: Nancy Columbia. Nancy was a little Inuit girl. This picture of her and her dog was taken in 1904, at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in Missouri. She was photographed by the Gerhard Sisters, of St. Louis, Missouri.

I wonder what sort of a dog this is. Once upon a time, I had a friend who had a dog he said was part wolf, and his dog looked a lot like this one.


Last, we have a photograph called The Cigarette, from 1908. I’m not sure if this is universally true, but in my experience, there aren’t very many pictures of young American Indian men, at least in comparison to Native American women. This young man was a Sioux Indian, who was photographed by John A. Johnson of W. Somerville, Mass. He looks like a movie star.

Sioux man

Huddie William Ledbetter was better known as Leadbelly, and he is one of the greatest bluesmen ever. I need to write a separate post about his life to do him any kind of justice but today I just wanted to write about two of his songs: Take This Hammer and The Midnight Special.

I like Leadbelly a lot but I was never crazy about Take This Hammer because of its monotonous, repetitive feel. But lately I’ve developed a real appreciation for it. Like Sixteen Tons is to the Appalachian coal miners, so is Take This Hammer to the Southern railroad workers. These men would perform monotonous, back-breaking work for up to 15 hours a day, and at some point, they weren’t thinking anymore – just operating. And if you close your eyes and listen to this song, you can almost be there and see it for yourself.

When I was researching for this post, I found a quote from Leadbelly, explaining the unique HA! sounds in the song. “Every time the men say, “HA!” the hammer falls. The hammer rings, and we swing, and we sing.”



The Midnight Special was an old folk song, and Leadbelly made it famous. There was also a train that could be heard from Sugar Land Prison every night that was commonly known as The Midnight Special. Leadbelly recorded his version of the song shortly after being released. Everyone from Bobby Darin to Nirvana has covered it, and even though there are some good versions, no one has ever come close to recapturing his magic.

There are several versions of the song out there, most popularly with a quartet supporting him, but (my opinion) he was at his best when he was solo. It took some digging but here it is, with a sweet picture of him with his wife, Martha Promise Ledbetter, circa 1935.