The Empress Alexandra was devastated by Rasputin’s death. He was the only man alive who could save Alexei and now he was gone.

It is unknown whether she considered the implications of a man known to be favored by her being murdered despite her protection. But looking back, it was another sign that the people were increasingly dismissive of the imperial Romanovs.

Nicholas had no military experience and the war was not going well. At the front, men starved; at home, women and children went hungry. The Romanovs, however, seemed oblivious. It is more likely that the tsar’s gestures that were meant to give courage were misplaced or misinterpreted by a struggling people. The pretty grand duchesses, the impressive uniforms, the picturesque photographs looked as though they were part of a different war than the one being fought by the Russian army.

tsar with his children
Grand Duchess Anastasia, Grand Duchess Olga, Tsar Nicholas, Tsarevich Alexei, Grand Duchess Tatiana, Grand Duchess Maria

 

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By the end of 1916, the extended Romanov family was desperate.

Someone had to put a stop to Rasputin. For some reason, the tsar and tsarina appeared to be completely bamboozled by this drunken, filthy man who took bribes and sold government appointments.

Rasputin was thought to control Alexandra
Rasputin was thought to control Alexandra

Perhaps Rasputin sensed he had gone too far. He sent this prophetic letter to the tsarina in early December: 

I write and leave behind me this letter at St. Petersburg. I feel that I shall leave life before January 1st. I wish to make known to the Russian people to Papa to the Russian Mother and to the children to the land of Russia what they must understand. If I am killed by common assassins and especially by my brothers the Russian peasants, you Tsar of Russia, have nothing to fear. Remain on your throne and govern and you, Russian Tsar, will have nothing to fear for your children, they will reign for hundreds of years in Russia.But if I am murdered by boyars, nobles and if they shed my blood, their hands will remain soiled with my blood for twenty-five years they will not wash their hands from my blood. They will leave Russia. Brothers will kill brothers, and they will kill each other and hate each other, and for twenty-five years there will be no peace in the country.The Tsar of the land of Russia, if you hear the sound of the bell which will tell you that Grigory has been killed, you must know this: if it was your relations who have wrought my death, then none of your children will remain alive for more than two years. And if they do, they will beg for death as they will see the defeat of Russia, see the Antichrist coming, plague, poverty, destroyed churches, and desecrated sanctuaries where everyone is dead.The Russian Tsar, you will be killed by the Russian people and the people will be cursed and will serve as the devil’s weapon killing each other everywhere. Three times for 25 years they will destroy the Russian people and the orthodox faith and the Russian land will die.I shall be killed. I am no longer among the living. Pray, pray, be strong, and think of your blessed family.

 

Rasputin did not see 1917.

Inevitably, a plot was hatched. Five nobles, including the tsar’s cousin and his nephew by marriage, conspired to poison the monk.

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Nicholas II of the Romanov dynasty was the last tsar of Russia. The family had ruled for more than 300 years, but shadows were gathering when Nicholas assumed the throne in 1894.

Nicholas II, the last tsar of Russia
Nicholas II, the last tsar of Russia

He and the Empress Alexandra were unpopular from the beginning. The reclusive Alexandra was particularly disliked by the Russian people. She was of German descent, a nation widely distrusted by Russians. Despite her marriage to Tsar Nicholas, her dress and demeanor remained decidedly un-Russian, which the people interpreted as a rebuke to their culture.

Nicholas was a reluctant tsar. He once described his occupation as being “the owner of Russia”, but his heart obviously wasn’t in it. He had no interest in military pomp and circumstance. His family was the center of his life: he idolized his wife and devoted himself to their children. A gentle nature is rarely associated with strong leadership and the Tsar’s small stature and indecisiveness added to the overall impression of weakness.

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